Greece is located at the crossroads of Europe, Asia, and Africa.
Situated on the southern tip of the Balkan Peninsula, it shares land borders with Albania to the northwest, the Republic of Macedonia and Bulgaria to the north, and Turkey to the northeast.
Attempts by some of the Greek city-states of Asia Minor to overthrow Persian rule failed, and Persia invaded the states of mainland Greece in 492 BC, but was forced to withdraw after a defeat at the Battle of Marathon in 490 BC.
A second invasion by the Persians followed in 480 BC.
Greece is a democratic and developed country with an advanced high-income economy, a high quality of life, and a very high standard of living.
A founding member of the United Nations, Greece was the tenth member to join the European Communities (precursor to the European Union) and has been part of the Eurozone since 2001.
with a population of approximately 11 million as of 2016.